1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70)

 
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Overview

Aims
The 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) is a multidisciplinary national longitudinal birth cohort study. Original aims were to examine the social and biological characteristics of the mother in relation to neonatal morbidity, and to compare the results with the 1958 National Child Development Study. With each successive sweep, the scope of the enquiry has broadened from a strictly medical focus at birth, to encompass physical, educational, social and economic development.

Institution
Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) - Institute of Education (IoE), UCL

Geographic coverage - Nations
England, Scotland, Wales

Geographic coverage - Regions
Nationwide

Start date
1970

Sample

Sample type
Birth cohort

Sample details
All people born in England, Scotland and Wales in one particular week of 1970, including stillbirths. Children born in this week in Northern Ireland were included in birth sweep only. Each cross-sectional target sample also includes all those born anywhere in the world in the same week as the longitudinal sample, who are living in Britain at the time of the sweep and who joined the BCS70 sample during the school years (at least one survey instrument partially completed).

Sample size at recruitment
17,198 births

Sample size at most recent sweep
9,841 (BCS 2012)

Sex
All

Age at recruitment
Birth

Cohort year of birth
1970

Data

Data access
UK Data Service
https://cls.ucl.ac.uk/data-access-training/access-ukds/

Genetic data collected

Linkage to administrative data
Health data
Income/tax and benefits

Additional information

Website
cls.ucl.ac.uk/cls-studies/1970-british-cohort-study

Notes
Previously known as the British Births Survey

Related themes
Covid-19 data collection, Biomarkers, Cognitive measures, Diet and nutrition, Education, Sexuality and gender identity, Housing, Socioeconomic status and deprivation, Language and literacy, Migration and immigration, Neighbourhood, Personality, Physical health assessment, Political and social attitudes, Victimisation and life events, Puberty, Reproductive health, Work and employment, Parenting and family, Sleep problems, Social care - receipt, Social care - provision, Social care - need

Reference paper

Elliott J & Shepherd P. (2006). Cohort Profile: 1970 British birth cohort (BCS70). International Journal of Epidemiology, 35, 836-843.
doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyl174

Funders
Economic and Social Research Council
Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

National Birthday Trust Fund
Mental health measures timeline

Sweep name:

Cohort member age:

Data collection period:

Notes:

Physical health measures:

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